what is a back doctor called?

Discussion in 'Pain Management & Painkillers' started by peggy, Jan 28, 2018.

  1. peggy

    peggy New Member

    Of late, I have been hearing a lot about different kinds of specialists who do give treatment for back problems, but each one having a different kind of a role. I was new to this information and wanted to know more about how these specialists are classified and what their roles are. I tried reading up information online but eventually got confused. Can someone explain to me in simple laymen’s language about the same? Awaiting responses!!! Thanks in advance!!!
  2. Renzi

    Renzi New Member

    We have many kinds of health practitioners who take care of patients with spinal disorders. All of them have varied roles. A professional is selected based on the symptoms a patient exhibits. Every kind of specialist is trained differently to suit the patient’s problems.
    Three broad groups of doctors who can treat back pain are elucidated below:

    1)Primary care providers – include basic doctors like GPs, obstetricians, paediatricians, gynaecologists, chiropractors and doctors dealing with osteopathic medicine.

    They usually use non-evasive or non-surgical method of treatment and mode of treatment is usually restricted to administration of pills and medications in order to soothe the back pain. They are the initial investigators who study and diagnose the cause of pain and then refer them to specialists as per individual needs.

    2)Spine Specialists – are those doctors whose area of expertise is diagnosing and treating back pain and other spinal conditions. They usually include surgeons, physiatrists, neurologists, rheumatologists and anaesthesiologists. They are the ones who perform surgeries and undergo frequent trainings to update their knowledge. Orthopaedic and neuro surgeons come under this category.

    3)Therapists – whose area of treatment include rehabilitation and psychological help to deal with the back pain. Occupational therapists, physical therapists and clinical psychologists fall under this category. Physical therapists are the ones who examine the medical histories of their patients and device treatment plans accordingly. They test their patient’s strength, posture, balance and coordination etc. and decide on the treatment plans. During an on-going treatment, they even examine a patient’s progress and see if the treatment needs modifications. Occupational therapists are the ones who deal with equipping their patients with skills that help them lead a normal life. Their programs aim at improving the patient’s abilities to carry out normal day to day life activities. They even counsel family members of their patients, in order to help them handle situations at home in a safe and effective manner. A psychologist in this case usually refers to a clinical psychologist, who helps the already affected patients to cope up with stress and the pain they go through as a result of the treatment. They also help fight depression, especially for patients who are in chronic pain.
  3. Miss

    Miss New Member

    Hey, I would like to add some more info on spine specialists.

    Spine surgeons, include orthopaedic and neurosurgeons. Orthopaedics are doctors who are trained in the surgical treatment of musculoskeletal conditions, spinal disorders, arthritis, sports injuries, fractures etc. whereas neurosurgeons are those who focus on patients with neurological conditions and disorders of brain, spine, spinal cord and nerves.

    Physiatrists are doctors of osteopathic medicine and are called as the PM&R physicians as they specialize in physical medicine and rehabilitation. They usually specialize in conservative treatments and do not perform surgery.

    Neurologists are the ones who diagnose and treat disorders pertaining to nervous system, brain, spinal cord and nerves. They provide long term treatments to patients with chronic neurological disorders. They perform detailed check-up of the nerves of the head and neck, muscular strength and movement and also perform reflex testing.

    Rheumatologists are the ones concerned with diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal diseases associated with muscles, joints and bones. For e.g. arthritis, osteoporosis, fibromyalgia and tendonitis

    I hope you have now got an idea about various back specialists and who you should ideally approach in case of any problems.